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    EFF praises Android’s new 2G kill switch, wants Apple to follow suit - In some countries, 2G only serves as an attack vector, so why not turn it off?

    Danie van der Merwe · / gadgeteerza-tech-blog · Saturday, 15 January - 12:27

The Electronic Frontier Foundation is celebrating Google's addition of a 2G kill switch to Android 12. The digital rights group has been campaigning against the dated, insecure 2G cellular standard since 2020, and Android is the first mobile OS to take the group's advice and let users completely disable 2G.

The problem is that 2G is very old, and it's a lot like connecting to a WEP-secured Wi-Fi hotspot—the security is obsolete, so it's easy to crack. If you're in a country where legitimate uses of 2G are long dead, the standard only serves as an attack vector via fake cell phone towers, so why not just shut it off?


#technology #2G #mobile #security #eff

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    Internet Archive has a dystopian “Wayforward Machine” from 2046 / ArsTechnica · Friday, 1 October, 2021 - 13:20 · 1 minute

Internet Archive has a dystopian “Wayforward Machine” from 2046

Enlarge (credit: Sandro Katalina )

What could the future of the Internet look like? With the digital world of the 21st century becoming a pit of unwanted ads, tracking, paywalls, unsafe content, and legal threats, "Wayforward Machine" has a dystopian picture in mind. Behind the clickbaity name, Wayforward Machine is an attempt by the Internet Archive to preview the chaos the world wide web is about to become.

Internet Archive suspects what the Internet of 2046 looks like

The Wayback Machine from the nonprofit Internet Archive remains massively popular among netizens, journalists, and archivists interested in seeing how a webpage looked in the past, even when the page or entire websites are later removed. Users can simply browse to to save a webpage or browse to the copy of a webpage as it appeared at an earlier date. As such, the 617 billion-pages-strong Wayback Machine has become an indispensable digital asset since its inception in 1996.

Whereas Wayback Machine allows you to go back in time , this week's Internet Archive has come up with a "Wayforward Machine" doing the opposite. Those visiting the Wayback Machine are now greeted with the following banner that claims to take you 25 years into the future.

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    L'extension qui voulait chiffrer le web va s'arrêter, car le web est chiffré / Numerama · Wednesday, 29 September, 2021 - 08:52


L'extension HTTPS Everywhere, qui sert à se connecter automatiquement aux sites web de manière sécurisée, tire sa révérence. En 2022, elle sera désactivée. Elle n'est plus utile, maintenant que le web est globalement chiffré. [Lire la suite]

Voitures, vélos, scooters... : la mobilité de demain se lit sur Vroom !

L'article L’extension qui voulait chiffrer le web va s’arrêter, car le web est chiffré est apparu en premier sur Numerama .

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    Although Google Is Dropping Tracking By Cookies, It Is Testing Its Controversial New Ad Targeting Tech (FLoC) in Millions of Browsers

    Danie van der Merwe · / gadgeteerza-tech-blog · Saturday, 3 April, 2021 - 11:03 · 1 minute

A few days back, Google launched an “origin trial” of Federated Learning of Cohorts (aka FLoC), its experimental new technology for targeting ads. A switch has silently been flipped in millions of instances of Google Chrome: those browsers will begin sorting their users into groups based on behavior, then sharing group labels with third-party trackers and advertisers around the web. A random set of users have been selected for the trial, and they can currently only opt out by disabling third-party cookies.

Google designed FLoC to help advertisers target ads once third-party cookies go away. During the trial, trackers will be able to collect FLoC IDs in addition to third-party cookies. That means all the trackers who currently monitor your behavior across a fraction of the web using cookies will now receive your FLoC cohort ID as well. The cohort ID is a direct reflection of your behavior across the web. This could supplement the behavioral profiles that many trackers already maintain.

Future versions of Chrome will add dedicated controls for Google’s “privacy sandbox,” including FLoC. But it’s not clear when these settings will go live, and in the meantime, users wishing to turn off FLoC must turn off third-party cookies as well. Current extensions are not yet disabling or managing FLoC.

I suppose we have to remember that Google is firmly seated in the ads business, nothing is fully free, and we have alternatives - it's up to us.


#technology #tracking #FLoC #EFF #Google #Privacy

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    Pourquoi le retour de Richard Stallman agace le monde du logiciel libre / Numerama · Sunday, 28 March, 2021 - 20:00

Que se passe-t-il avec Richard Stallman ? Depuis une semaine, cette figure du logiciel libre est contestée. En cause, son retour à un poste de direction à la FSF, sur fond d'affaire Epstein. [Lire la suite]

Abonnez-vous à notre chaîne YouTube pour ne manquer aucune vidéo !

L'article Pourquoi le retour de Richard Stallman agace le monde du logiciel libre est apparu en premier sur Numerama .

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    Researcher Retains EFF To Fight DMCA Takedowns Sent By Proctoring Company / TorrentFreak · Thursday, 26 November, 2020 - 19:03 · 3 minutes

Spy With millions of students working remotely due to the coronavirus pandemic, the use of so-called proctoring software has skyrocketed.

The stated aim of this software is to detect and prevent cheating in online tests but in order to do that, invasive systems are deployed. Proctoring software watches students through their webcams, records audio via their mics, and tracks any websites visited. On top, these tools examine body movements including eye-tracking, in an effort to identify potential cheaters.

While the companies behind proctoring software champion the benefits, criticism isn’t hard to find online. Nonetheless, Miami University student and security researcher Erik Johnson is finding it difficult to get his voice heard after US-based software company Proctorio began using copyright law to silence his work.

DMCA Takedowns on Twitter and Beyond

Proctorio requires students to install a Chrome extension so Johnson downloaded it and began publishing code snippets to Pastebin during September, linking to them on Twitter, while revealing the scale of the monitoring, among other things.

However, six weeks later he received an email from Twitter explaining that some tweets had been removed after the company received DMCA takedown notices from Proctorio alleging copyright infringement. The material disappeared from Pastebin too.

Earlier this month, Proctorio told Techcrunch that it stood by its takedowns, claiming that Johnson’s publication of code snippets represented a breach of copyright law. The EFF, on the other hand, described Johnson’s criticism – which included the citing of a source – as “a textbook example of fair use” and no different from quoting from a book.

DMCA Takedowns Continued Regardless

A week later, Johnson took to Twitter again with two more posts, one of which revealed he’d reposted the code that had been removed from Pastebin to his Github account. However, the image below shows that those tweets were affected too due to copyright complaints.


The tweets do, however, contain a link to Github but following yet another DMCA takedown request, that page has also been removed.

Battle Moves to Github

“The GitHub account ejohnson9912 is posting proprietary Google Chrome extension source code and documentation without a license or consent from Proctorio, thus infringing on our copyright,” the complaint to Github reads.

“Further, this infringement activity involved reverse engineering and unauthorized hacking through Google Chrome, violating Google Chrome’s terms of service. We request that the account be removed and/or access be disabled to the infringing materials.”

The DMCA complaint was filed with Github exactly a week ago and, as required, the coding platform removed the allegedly infringing material. However, it now appears that Johnson isn’t going down without a fight.

In a DMCA counter-notice filed yesterday, Johnson asks Github to restore his repository, claiming that Proctorio made an error when it failed to consider the fair use exemptions available to him under the DMCA. He further claims that the company mischaracterized his work.

“The disabled content consisted of code snippets used for purposes of research, education, commentary, and criticism regarding Proctorio’s product and its representations to the public. Proctorio’s complaint does not account for the fact that my use is protected by the fair use doctrine,” Johnson writes.

“Proctorio’s additional allegations of ‘reverse engineering and unauthorized hacking’ are both untrue and irrelevant to its claim of copyright infringement.”

It’s at this point things start to heat up. Presuming that Github reinstates the repo, Proctorio will then have to file a lawsuit against Johnson to have it taken down again, significantly raising the stakes. However, the researcher appears to have thought this through, with the help of some heavyweight backing,

“I consent to the jurisdiction of the Federal District Court for the judicial district in which my address is located, and I will accept service of process from the person who provided the DMCA notification or an agent of such person,” he writes.

“I can be contacted through my attorneys at the Electronic Frontier Foundation.”

From: TF , for the latest news on copyright battles, piracy and more.

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    GitHub agrees RIAA claim is bunk, restores popular YouTube download tool / ArsTechnica · Tuesday, 17 November, 2020 - 21:18 · 1 minute

A sign in the shape of the YouTube logo juts out over a glass wall.

Enlarge / A sign featuring the YouTube logo, outside the YouTube Space studios in London on June 4, 2019. (credit: Olly Curtis | Future | Getty Images )

GitHub has reversed its decision to boot YouTube-dl, a popular tool for archiving YouTube videos, from its platform. The company restored repositories this week after "additional information" convinced it that an archiving tool is not in and of itself a copyright violation—no matter what the music industry says.

The repositories in question got shut down in late October, before coming back yesterday. "We share developers' frustration with this takedown—especially since this project has many legitimate purposes," GitHub explained in a corporate blog post . "Our actions were driven by processes required to comply with laws like the DMCA that put platforms like GitHub and developers in a difficult spot. And our reinstatement, based on new information that showed the project was not circumventing a technical protection measure (TPM), was inline with our values of putting developers first."

The initial takedown occurred after the Recording Industry Association of America filed a claim with Microsoft-owned GitHub arguing that the code in those repositories was inherently illegal under US copyright law. At a high level, the law in question basically makes it illegal to crack or bypass DRM in any way, except for a handful of enumerated exemptions .

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