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      Combien valent encore nos données personnelles sur le dark web ?

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Sunday, 8 January, 2023 - 15:15

    Les fuites de données en série et le laxisme des géants de la tech en cybersécurité ont fait perdre toutes notions de confidentialité. De fait, beaucoup d'infos ne valent plus grand-chose, tandis que d'autres sont encore très recherchées par les hackers. [Lire la suite]

    Abonnez-vous aux newsletters Numerama pour recevoir l’essentiel de l’actualité https://www.numerama.com/newsletter/

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      Darknet markets generate millions in revenue selling stolen personal data

      news.movim.eu / ArsTechnica · Saturday, 3 December, 2022 - 12:01

    Hacker in binary code digital background. Cyber crime and internet privacy hacking. Network security, Cyber attack, Computer Virus, Ransomware, and Malware Concept. 2D illustration.

    Enlarge (credit: Peach_istock via Getty Images )

    It is common to hear news reports about large data breaches, but what happens once your personal data is stolen? Our research shows that, like most legal commodities, stolen data products flow through a supply chain consisting of producers, wholesalers, and consumers. But this supply chain involves the interconnection of multiple criminal organizations operating in illicit underground marketplaces.

    The stolen data supply chain begins with producers—hackers who exploit vulnerable systems and steal sensitive information such as credit card numbers, bank account information, and Social Security numbers. Next, the stolen data is advertised by wholesalers and distributors who sell the data. Finally, the data is purchased by consumers who use it to commit various forms of fraud , including fraudulent credit card transactions, identity theft, and phishing attacks.

    This trafficking of stolen data between producers, wholesalers, and consumers is enabled by darknet markets, which are websites that resemble ordinary e-commerce websites but are accessible only using special browsers or authorization codes.

    Read 13 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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      Les États-Unis saisissent 3,36 milliards de dollars en bitcoin provenant de Silk Road

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Tuesday, 8 November, 2022 - 16:37

    La justice américaine vient de saisir l'équivalent de 3,36 milliards de dollars en bitcoin. La saisie est impressionnante grâce à sa taille, mais aussi à cause de la provenance de ces bitcoins : le site Silk Road, ancien site connu pour avoir été un important marché en ligne de la drogue. [Lire la suite]

    Abonnez-vous aux newsletters Numerama pour recevoir l’essentiel de l’actualité https://www.numerama.com/newsletter/

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      5 sites pour savoir si vos infos ont fuité sur le web

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Sunday, 30 October, 2022 - 16:28

    Des milliards d'informations privées sont balancés et revendues quotidiennement sur des forums de hackers et le darknet. On vous recommande cinq sites pour vérifier si vos identifiants font partie des listes fuitées. [Lire la suite]

    Abonnez-vous aux newsletters Numerama pour recevoir l’essentiel de l’actualité https://www.numerama.com/newsletter/

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      Les cartels de drogue sud-américains ouvrent leurs sites officiels sur le darknet

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Friday, 12 August, 2022 - 09:26

    Une organisation a repéré plusieurs plateformes sur le darknet se targuant d'être les portails des plus importants cartels latino-américains. L'émergence de ces sites pourrait être liée à la fermeture des principales places de marché illégales. [Lire la suite]

    Abonnez-vous aux newsletters Numerama pour recevoir l’essentiel de l’actualité https://www.numerama.com/newsletter/

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      Les données de plusieurs millions de Chinois sont bien en vente sur le dark net

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Tuesday, 5 July, 2022 - 16:22

    Un hacker a publié un fichier massif sur un célèbre forum de pirates informatiques, affirmant qu'il contient les données d'un milliard de citoyens chinois. Il n'est pas possible de vérifier ce chiffre, mais Numerama a pu consulter des extraits de cette base de données. [Lire la suite]

    Abonnez-vous aux newsletters Numerama pour recevoir l’essentiel de l’actualité https://www.numerama.com/newsletter/

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      Sur le darknet, vos informations personnelles sont vendues pour moins de 10 euros

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Tuesday, 14 June, 2022 - 10:32

    Une étude réalisée par NordVPN liste le prix moyen des données privées et des papiers d'identité sur le darknet. Il est possible d'acquérir des identifiants pour quelques pièces. [Lire la suite]

    Abonnez-vous aux newsletters Numerama pour recevoir l’essentiel de l’actualité https://www.numerama.com/newsletter/

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      Tor Explained: What is Tor? How Does It Work? Is It Illegal?

      pubsub.do.nohost.me / FossBytes · Tuesday, 23 February, 2021 - 09:38 · 6 minutes

    tor browser

    What Is Tor?

    The Onion Router or Tor is a network that enables a user to stay anonymous on the internet and get rid of any possible surveillance, user identification, or location tracking while using the internet. You can access the Tor network with the help of a modified Mozilla Firefox ESR web browser.

    Tor allows a person to browse the web anonymously by veiling the actual identity of the user. It protects the user from any traffic analysis and network spying.

    Tor is perhaps the most popular and secure option available for anonymous internet connectivity. To reduce the confusion, here we are talking about the Tor network, not the Tor web browser, which is used to access the same.

    Who Created Tor?

    Tor uses the principle of ‘Onion Routing,’ which was developed by Paul Syverson, Michael G. Reed, and David Goldschlag at the United States Naval Research Laboratory in 1990s. Further development was carried out under the financial roof of the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).

    Tor Project Inc. is a non-profit organization that currently maintains Tor and is responsible for its development. It has received funds from the US government primarily, and additional aid from the Swedish Government and different NGOs & individual sponsors.

    How Does Tor Work?

    Tor uses the concept of the ‘Onion Routing’ method in which the user data is first encrypted and then transferred through different relays present in the Tor network. Thus, it creates multi-layered encryption (layers like an onion) and a hard-to-follow path to keep the identity of the user safe. As a result, nobody can link your identity to any single point.

    One encryption layer is decrypted at each successive Tor relay, and the remaining data is forwarded to any random relay until it reaches its destination server. For the destination server, the last Tor node/exit relay appears as the origin of the data. It is thus tough to trace the identity of the user or the server by any surveillance system acting as the middleman.

    Other than providing anonymity to standalone users, Tor can also provide anonymity to websites and servers in the form of Tor Hidden Services. Also, P2P applications like BitTorrent can be configured to use the Tor network and download torrent files.

    Also Read: How To Share Files Anonymously Using Tor’s Darknet And OnionShare?

    Is using Tor illegal?

    No. Tor browser and dark web aren’t illegal on their own. However, if you end up performing some illegal activity on the dark web using Tor, that’ll surely invite trouble. So, as always, we recommend that you use this technology to perform legal actions and enhance your privacy.

    Tor And NSA Connection

    The NSA whistle-blower Edward Snowden used Tor to leak information about PRISM to The Guardian and The Washington Post.

    However, the story is not all good-good. Tor faces criticism for the reason that it acts as a medium for different illegal activities like data breaching, drug dealing, gambling, being home to dark web sites. Tor is also used by criminal minds to communicate over the internet while keeping their identity hidden, which makes it difficult for the security agencies to trace them.

    The U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) has called Tor “the King of high secure, low latency Internet anonymity.” And it has received similar comments by BusinessWeek magazine, “perhaps the most effective means of defeating the online surveillance efforts of intelligence agencies around the world.”

    Another speculation made is that Tor takes its funding from the U.S. Government, which may lead to the assumption that NSA may have compromised the identities of individual Tor users. However, Tor’s former executive director Andrew Lewman disclaimed any confederations with NSA.

    Is Tor Browser Safe?

    Various claims have been made about compromising Tor’s anonymity and security from time to time. The most famous one was the Bad Apple Attack, in which the researchers claimed to have identified around 10k IP addresses of active BitTorrent users who were connected via Tor.

    The Heartbleed bug was behind another major compromise in April 2014, which halted the Tor network for several days.

    Traffic Fingerprinting is a method used to analyze web traffic by analyzing the patterns, responses, and packets in a particular direction. This technique can be used to attack the Tor network by making the attacker’s computer act as the guard.

    The main vulnerability was found at its exit points, where the level of security is very low as compared to the rest of the Tor network.

    Also Read: TOR Anonymity: Things Not To Do While Using TOR

    What is Tor “Browser”?

    Tor Project Inc. has released Tor Browser , which is a modification of an Extended Support Release (ESR) version of the Mozilla Firefox browser. The browser is portable so that it can be used from external media and also reduces the hassel of installation.

    Tor Browser removes the browsing history and cookies after every use, thus reducing the risk of any cookie tracking. We can set-up SOCKS (Socket Secure) based applications to use the Tor network by configuring them with a loop-back address.

    It’s also known as the dark web browser since it lets users browse the so-called dark web sites that accessible on the regular web.

    The Tor browser is available for various desktop operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and macOS. You can visit this link to download Tor Browser latest version for Windows, Linux, and macOS.

    Tor 10.0.6 Tor 10.0.6

    How to download and use Tor browser?

    How to install Tor Browser on Windows 10/7/8?

    1. Run the Tor Browser setup.
    2. Choose your desired language.
    3. On the next window, choose the destination folder. Using Tor would be easy if you choose the Desktop as the destination.
    4. Click Install.

    The Tor setup will create a folder named Tor Browser on your Desktop. Open the folder, and run the shortcut file to use the Tor Browser.

    For Linux, you’ll have to extract the downloaded file, either using the command line or a file extractor application.

    Tor Browser for Android

    Tor Browser – official Tor app for Android

    Orbot – a free proxy app with Tor for Android devices.

    Orfox – a mobile version of Tor Browser for Android devices. (Discontinued)

    The Guardian Project, a global developer community founded by Nathan Freitas, is to be credited for the development of Orfox.

    Tor Browser for iOS

    A Tor browser app for iOS created by Tor Project core contributor Mike Tigas.

    Tor Alternatives

    I2P and Freenet are other anonymity networks which can act as Tor alternatives. Also, Tails and Subgraph OS are Linux-based distributions with built-in Tor support. In the past, Hornet was also an anonymity network that provided higher network speeds compared to Tor.

    To know more about these alternatives, please visit this link .

    Should I Use Tor?

    Tor has proved to be an excellent medium for safe, secure, and anonymous web presence available to a user at no cost. The developers of Tor didn’t intend it to become a hotbed of illegal activities, but evil-minded people have leveraged Tor for their benefits such as selling unlawful stuff on the dark websites. The Tor project has led to an optimistic approach towards censorship and surveillance-free internet.

    You can use Tor if you want to conceal your identity on the web or access some websites that blocked in your region. But refrain yourself from doing anything that’s above the law because nothing is fool-proof, and they can still catch you. Also, accessing your social media accounts over Tor can expose your identity.

    The post Tor Explained: What is Tor? How Does It Work? Is It Illegal? appeared first on Fossbytes .