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      Nvidia denies pirate e-book sites are “shadow libraries” to shut down lawsuit

      news.movim.eu / ArsTechnica · Yesterday - 19:09

    Nvidia denies pirate e-book sites are “shadow libraries” to shut down lawsuit

    Enlarge (credit: Westend61 | Westend61 )

    Some of the most infamous so-called shadow libraries have increasingly faced legal pressure to either stop pirating books or risk being shut down or driven to the dark web. Among the biggest targets are Z-Library, which the US Department of Justice has charged with criminal copyright infringement , and Library Genesis (Libgen), which was sued by textbook publishers last fall for allegedly distributing digital copies of copyrighted works "on a massive scale in willful violation" of copyright laws.

    But now these shadow libraries and others accused of spurning copyrights have seemingly found an unlikely defender in Nvidia, the AI chipmaker among those profiting most from the recent AI boom.

    Nvidia seemed to defend the shadow libraries as a valid source of information online when responding to a lawsuit from book authors over the list of data repositories that were scraped to create the Books3 dataset used to train Nvidia's AI platform NeMo.

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      NVIDIA Denies Copyright Infringement Claims in Authors’ AI Lawsuit

      news.movim.eu / TorrentFreak · 2 days ago - 19:56 · 3 minutes

    nvidia logo Thus far, chip giant NVIDIA has been the main financial beneficiary of the Artificial Intelligence boom.

    The company published its latest quarterly results last week, reporting $26 billion in revenue; a 340% increase compared to two years ago.

    The staggering revenue numbers over the past year have significantly raised the value of the company, which is now worth more than all public companies in Germany combined. At the same time, however, the AI revolution presents the semiconductor giant with new legal challenges.

    NVIDIA Faces Copyright Infringement Claims

    Earlier this year, several authors sued NVIDIA over alleged copyright infringement. The class action lawsuit claims that the company’s AI models were trained on copyrighted works taken from the ‘pirate’ site Bibliotik. Since this happened without permission, the rightsholders demand compensation.

    This lawsuit doesn’t exist in isolation. Previously, authors and other rightsholders filed similar cases against OpenAI, Google, Meta, and others. Soon after the lawsuit appeared on the docket, another case against NVIDIA followed too.

    The similarities between these lawsuits shouldn’t diminish their significance. While not all are equally important, some cases will end up setting important precedents. These will, in large part, determine to what extent AI companies can use external sources to train their models, and when or if compensation is required.

    Books3

    In several cases, the defendants stand accused of using the controversial ‘Books3’ dataset without permission. Books3 was created by AI researcher Shawn Presser in 2020, who scraped the library of ‘pirate’ site Bibliotik. The dataset made its way into other databases, which AI companies allegedly used as input.

    In the NVIDIA lawsuit, for example, American authors Abdi Nazemian, Brian Keene, and Stewart O’Nan alleged that the semiconductor company used the Books3 dataset to train its NeMo Megatron language models. This claim isn’t far-fetched, since NVIDIA publicly stated that it used EleutherAI’s ‘The Pile’ dataset, which includes Books3.

    “Certain books written by Plaintiffs are part of Books3 — including the Infringed Works — and thus NVIDIA necessarily trained its NeMo Megatron models on one or more copies of the Infringed Works, thereby directly infringing the copyrights of the Plaintiffs,” the authors claimed.

    NVIDIA Responds in Court

    The main question for this and other lawsuits is whether the use of this data is permitted under U.S. law. According to NVIDIA, there’s nothing wrong with how it trained its AI.

    On Friday, NVIDIA filed its answer to the complaint and responded to the copyright infringement allegations. The company admits that it used “The Pile” dataset for training purposes. However, it specifically denies that it made multiple copies of the Books3 dataset.

    In addition, the company specifically rejects the use of the term “ shadow library ” to describe sites such as Bibliotik, LibGen, Z-Library, Sci-Hub, and Anna’s Archive.

    This refers to paragraph 27 of the complaint, shown below, where the authors also alleged that hosting or distributing data – as these book repositories do – amounts to copyright infringement.

    shadow library

    “NVIDIA denies the characterization of the listed data repositories as ‘shadow libraries’ and denies that hosting data in or distributing data from the data repositories necessarily violates the U.S. Copyright Act,” the company writes.

    NVIDIA Denies Copyright Infringement

    Overall, NVIDIA’s response is mostly made up of denials, as is common at this stage of the legal battle. The company lists several affirmative defenses, including an absence of copyright infringement displaced by fair use.

    “Plaintiffs’ claims and the putative class members’ claims fail, in whole or in part, because NVIDIA has not infringed Plaintiffs’ alleged copyrighted works.”

    “Plaintiffs’ claims and the putative class members’ claims are barred, in whole or in part, by fair use under Section 107 of the Copyright Act.

    “Plaintiffs’ claims and the putative class members’ claims fail, in whole or in part, to the extent they claim rights to elements of works or to works which are not protectable under copyright law […].”

    affirmative defenses

    NVIDIA further notes that this complaint isn’t suitable for class action treatment under federal rules, without providing any further detail.

    NVIDIA’s response to the complaint is rather straightforward. There are no counterclaims either. The authors now have four weeks to respond to NVIDIA’s filing, which can be countered by the defendant, if required.

    A copy of NVIDIA’s answer to the complaint, filed last Friday at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, is available here (pdf)

    From: TF , for the latest news on copyright battles, piracy and more.

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      xAI : Elon Musk veut un nouveau supercalculateur de pointe, et il y a de quoi être perplexe

      news.movim.eu / JournalDuGeek · 2 days ago - 14:41

    Stargate Supercomputer

    La startup spécialisée dans l'intelligence artificielle générative veut concurrencer OpenAI sur son propre terrain, mais le projet tel qu'il a été présenté est truffé de zones d'ombre logistiques et stratégiques.
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      Nvidia a un nouvel objectif fou : une nouvelle génération de puces chaque année

      news.movim.eu / JournalDuGeek · 6 days ago - 12:48

    Jensen Huang Nvidia

    Le géant vert semble vouloir doubler son rythme d'innovation pour consolider sa position de leader incontesté dans le domaine du hardware IA.
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      Un nouveau navigateur prend en charge la technologie NVIDIA RTX Video

      news.movim.eu / JournalDuGeek · Thursday, 16 May - 06:03

    Nvidia Rtx Video

    Le plus célèbre des navigateurs open source, Mozilla Firefox, prend désormais en charge la technologie RTX Video. Voici ce que cela change.
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      GeForce NOW sur un Steam Deck : NVIDIA a une solution

      news.movim.eu / JournalDuGeek · Friday, 3 May - 07:02

    Steamdeck Oled Test

    Pour son traditionnel GFN Thursday, NVIDIA propose du lourd avec l'ajout de 22 nouveaux jeux à son service de cloud gaming. La marque annonce aussi une meilleure compatibilité avec le Steam Deck.
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      GeForce Now has made Steam Deck streaming much easier than it used to be

      news.movim.eu / ArsTechnica · Thursday, 2 May - 18:51

    Fallout 4 running on a Steam Deck through GeForce Now

    Enlarge / Streaming Fallout 4 from GeForce Now might seem unnecessary, unless you know how running it natively has been going . (credit: Kevin Purdy)

    The Steam Deck is a Linux computer. There is, technically, very little you cannot get running on it, given enough knowledge, time, and patience. That said, it's never a bad thing when someone has done all the work for you, leaving you to focus on what matters: sneaking game time on the couch.

    GeForce Now, Nvidia's game-streaming service that uses your own PC gaming libraries, has made it easier for Steam Deck owners to get its service set up on their Deck . On the service's Download page , there is now a section for Gaming Handheld Devices. Most of the device links provide the service's Windows installer, since devices like the ROG Ally and Lenovo Legion Go run Windows. Some note that GeForce Now is already installed on devices like the Razer Edge and Logitech G Cloud.

    But Steam Deck types are special. We get a Unix-style executable script, a folder with all the necessary Steam icon image assets, and a README.md file.

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      Un mot de passe de 8 caractères est devenu trop faible à cause des avancées technologiques

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Thursday, 2 May - 07:17

    La puissance de calculs des derniers processeurs et cartes graphiques vendues dans le commerce offre de nouvelles opportunités pour les cybercriminels. Les internautes doivent réfléchir à de nouveaux mots de passe face à la hausse de cette menace.

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      Concours NVIDIA Studio STARS 2 : montez le trailer le plus épique possible et tentez de gagner près de 6 000 € de cadeaux [Sponso]

      news.movim.eu / Numerama · Tuesday, 30 April - 16:00

    Cet article a été réalisé en collaboration avec NVIDIA

    Monteurs et créateurs de contenus, cette seconde édition nationale du concours NVIDIA Studio STARS vous est dédiée ! Réalisez le trailer le plus épique possible et tentez de gagner l’un des PC ou GPU les plus performants du moment. Près de 6 000 euros de cadeaux, dont des produits RTX STUDIO sont mis en jeu !

    Cet article a été réalisé en collaboration avec NVIDIA

    Il s’agit d’un contenu créé par des rédacteurs indépendants au sein de l’entité Humanoid xp. L’équipe éditoriale de Numerama n’a pas participé à sa création. Nous nous engageons auprès de nos lecteurs pour que ces contenus soient intéressants, qualitatifs et correspondent à leurs intérêts.

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